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Many times in my classes, I have said that tracking is an integral part of what it means to be a human, it is part of our heritage, part of our story, and if your ancestors were not trackers, you would not be here today.

Tracking is about so much more than putting names to lifeless depressions on the ground. Trackers are storytellers, deeply connected to nature, highly aware of the interconnectedness of all things. 

To track is to read and interpret an almost forgotten language in our modern times. The tracks, signs, sounds, weather, and more. To read and consciously interact with the language of nature. 

Tracking is an ancient art but is also just a relevant and useful to our modern lives. It is an integral part of what it means to be a human, part of our heritage, part of our story. If your ancestors were not trackers, you would not be here today.

Almost every action performed by a person, animal, bird, insect, weather system or geological force, has an impact on the surrounding environment. These actions leave behind clues to those who are aware of them. 

As we learn to track, we learn to read these clues as though we were immersed in reading a Sherlock Holmes storybook. These clues, signs, and tracks, tell us about the past, inform us in the present, and guide us in the future. This is what it means to be a Tracker. It means seeing the world with curiosity, awe, and reverence, to see it for its complexity and simplicity all in the same moment. 

Check out this 1 min video on learning to read nature’s forgotten language:

One individual track is an entire landscape of information. It may be able to tell us not only who made it, but how fast they were moving, which way their head was facing and sometimes even what kind of emotional state they were in when they made the track. We glean this information from the “6 Arts of Questioning“.

One of my many mentors, a man by the name of Tom Brown Jr, once said to our class once, “Absolutely everything is a track”. This statement changed my life and the lens through which I see the world. Think to yourself for a second, what is a tree a track of? How much wisdom does it hold? And what could it teach me that would be useful?

A tree is a track of:

  • The age of the forest
  • The type of soil it grows in
  • The health of the surrounding ecosystem
  • A greater ecological community
  • And so much more!

A tree holds information about:

  • The species of wildlife that live around them and interact with them
  • The weather trends of its entire life, they can be read in its growth rings and branches
  • It may tell of an ancient fire, an insect invasion, or a rain still 2 days away by the minute curling of its leaves.

We could glean this same wisdom from a plant, a rock, or the craftsmanship put into building a house or garden. Tracking is about reading the story of life. 

Are you interested? Do you want to keep going deeper?  

Once you start, the learning never ends!

I would like to dedicate the majority of the rest of this blog to sharing some tried and tested tracking tools, ones that have been used in some capacity for generations, throughout various cultures and landscapes of the world. 

Whether you have never considered the narrative I just shared, or you are a seasoned outdoors person who has been tracking since before you even knew it was a thing, I hope you find this post and these tools both enriching and educational. 

Before I share the “Five steps to grow awareness and see the world through the eyes of a Tracker”, I would like to address one more point:

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Why is tracking still relevant today? 

In ancient times it was an essential skill. We as a species had to track the animals that sustained our livelihood when we hunted, trapped and fished. We used tracking to find our way prior to having tools such as modern-day maps and compasses. We used tracking to know where to find the medicines we needed to sustain our health, or the materials for building our tools, dwellings, and other projects. 

Today, for many of us, our basic primordial needs are met by the infrastructure of the modern world. So is tracking still relevant today? Is it still an essential skill?

My case for keeping this skill alive in a conscious and intentional way can be introduced with these questions:

How well have we stewarded our natural environment? 

Do we as a species leave tracks of health and abundance, or tracks that our grandchildren may wish were never left? 

And if you lean towards the latter statement, I ask you, how well do you know the intimate details of the lives of all the animals, birds, insects and natural cycles you share your life with? 

Not just the ones in your home, but the ones who live in the greater ecological community that supports your life? 

Do you know them like you know a close family member? 

Do you know them as your ancient hunter-gatherer ancestors did? Relying on the deep and profound knowledge and relationship to these beings to sustain their very existence?

If your answer is no, please do not feel guilty, for very few people are raised in a way that would allow this type of knowledge and knowing to exist. I am far from attaining the skill-level and awareness that I know my ancient ancestors once had.  

This way of observing and being is part of our heritage, but rarely a part of our modern-day upbringing. The story of these skills being lost is much older than your parents and grandparents and is a fascinating story to track on its own.

I pose these questions and ask one more: 

How can we truly tend to and live in harmony with these miraculous natural cycles and all the other beings we share this planet with if we don’t have the profound ability to read this story? To know of the past, to be informed in the present, and let this story guide our future?

So are you ready? It’s never too late to start!  

You have actually been a Tracker in some capacity your whole life and may not have even realized it. And if this is something you have pondered and practiced in your life, well like I said earlier…….. The learning never stops.

So let’s dive in!

6 Steps to Learning & Growing in the Art & Science of Tracking:

We just zoomed way out, as if we were looking at Google Earth on our computer. I talked about how absolutely everything is a track and the role of tracking in history. Now, let’s zoom right in…keep going… a little further now…yep…right there… Let’s look at that footprint on the ground. Let’s put some life back into it and start to tell the story.

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I have so much gratitude for the wild mammals of the world and the endless lessons they have to teach us. And fortunately for us, all the fundamentals of tracking, observation, and awareness, can be found in their footprints and the signs they leave behind. These five tools are a starting point to help you get going if you are new and to help you continue to grow and learn if you are experienced already. 

1) Find a Mentor 

There is a great saying when we are out tracking, that is “You are always right when you track alone”. One of the most potent life lessons from tracking comes when our very ways of perceiving information is challenged and then expanded upon.

Our ancestors were brought up in a culture where tracking and awareness were role models everywhere throughout their community. You did not survive if you were not aware. The animals also role model this too us, but most modern people are not mentored to learn from wildlife like we once were.

It can be an overwhelming topic when getting started. Having mentors and guides can be one of the best ways to get the life transformation benefits of expanding your awareness of nature and growing this ancient skill set. 

We Are Wildness has a really well-developed course and community to help you grow your connection to and knowledge of nature if this is your next step.

View this short trailer to learn more and visit

2) Know your possibilities – The Mammals Master Species List

Fields guides are great for so many reasons, but if you open one up to look for a five-toed mammal you will have a lot of pages to flip through and may end up being more confused after you put it down than when you started. A great practice is to make a “Mammals Master Species List”. Using a field guide or your computer, make a list of all the possible mammals that could be found in your region. List every single one. Once you have this list you can start to use the process of elimination out in the field to start to drastically reduce your possibilities. For example, it is too large to be a mink, too small for a bear, too many toes to be a rabbit and so on. The species list will also help make sure that you do not miss any possibilities as well.

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2)  Consider where the tracking hot spots might be?

Although tracks are absolutely everywhere, some landscapes are significantly easier to find and read tracks in than others. Just like cities that have quiet neighborhoods and other areas with busy streets, natural ecosystems have some areas that are more active than others. All mammals need a place to sleep (often in dense cover), obtain food, water, and at varying times of the year, have sex. Where might these basic needs be fulfilled for the animals you want to track in your area? Where are the most concealed, yet easily-traveled corridors for the mammals to navigate between these needs? For example: Where might an animal move from cover (sleep) to food to water without being easily observed?

The next piece that is helpful with hot spots is finding a substrate (the geeky Tracker word for the type of soil or material being traveled across) that registers tracks easily. Moist sand and snow are my two favorite substrates to bring beginner Trackers to. To find these spots look at local maps for creeks, beaches, low-traffic trails, and bridges under which you could look. Also, consider what is the main food source of the animal you wish to track is for the time of year you are tracking it.

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3) Use all of your senses to expand your awareness

When you are ready to start tracking, before you start looking for actual tracks and signs, STOP!    Close your eyes and take a deep breath. Take a moment to listen to all the sounds that abound you, near and far. Feel the breeze blow across your skin. Then slowly open your eyes and take a few minutes to just revel in all your senses. Try to stay in this state as much as you can while on your tracking mission. The more often you practice this, the more it will just merge into the way you move through the world all the time. When you reach this state, you are always tracking, everything, everywhere you go.

4) Be curious and ask a lot of questions

It is really easy to get caught up in wanting to identify something, to put a name to it right away. This can blind you to the plethora of other information available and intricacies of the story you have the potential to tap into. When you come across a track or sign, ask lots of questions:

  • How many toes does it have?
  • Which is the front and which is the rear foot?
  • What direction is it traveling?
  • How fast is it going?
  • Look around at the surrounding landscape, are there any clues?
  • What was it doing?
  • Why was it doing this?
  • When was this track made?
  • The list goes on and on and on.

Even if you don’t know how to deduce these answers, get in the habit of asking them. Consider what possible answers could be. The more you do this, the quicker and better your tracking skills will develop.

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5) Don’t jump to conclusions too quickly (a common mistake)

Another common error I see when people track is deciding what they want the track to be, based on previous experiences and conceptions, and then trying to make the sights and evidence match their hypothesis. A better scientific process to avoid bias is to hold back your conclusion and first objectively take in all the information you can, and then form your hypothesis.

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6) Do some research

If you followed step 4, then you should be returning from your tracking mission with more questions than answers. This is a great time to open up your journal and record as much information from the day as possible. Open up some field guides, search the internet, and see if you can answer any of your questions. Doing this over time, you will have more information to support your hypotheses and the next time you go out tracking, the more you will learn about the natural world.

So there you go, I hope you found this post educational. If you did not consider yourself a Tracker before reading this post, I hope you feel like you at least got a glimpse of how this way of seeing the world could enrich your life.

Until next time, Happy Tracking Everyone!

Chris Gilmour is the creator and teacher of the Nature’s Forgotten Language Course at We Are Wildness University. 

Click the image below to learn more about the course and how you can learn these life-changing skills.

Chris Gilmour

Chris Gilmour

Chris Gilmour has dedicated the last 20 yrs of his life to building his relationship with the land and learning how to best help others grow their own knowledge and relationship with nature. He is the teacher of the tracking course, "Nature's Forgotten Language" for We Are Wildness University: He is passionate about reading the natural landscape through the art and science of tracking, reading bird language and practicing ancient wilderness living skills and modern survival. He is certified by Cyber Tracker International with his Level 3 Animal Track & Sign Interpretation and has taught hundreds of people about tracking through his work with the p.i.n.e project, Sticks & Stones Wilderness School & Earth Tracks Outdoors School. He also teacher Wildlife Tracking, Bird Language and Ecology at Sir Sanford Fleming College in Lindsay, Ontario. He is also passionate about wild plants for food and medicinal uses and runs with his wife Laura.